OSHA/EPA Occupational Chemical Database
|Chemical Name: VM&P NAPHTHA
|CAS #: 8032-32-4
||UN No: 1271
|Synonyms: Ligroin; Painters naphtha; Petroleum ether; Petroleum spirit; Refined solvent naphtha; Varnish makers' & painters' naphtha
|Physical Description: Clear to yellowish liquid with a pleasant, aromatic odor.
||MW: 87-114 (approx)
||NFPA Fire Rating: 3
|FRZ/MLT: FRZ: NA
||VP: 2-20 mmHg
||NFPA Health Rating: 1
||NFPA Reactivity Rating: 0
|Sp. GR: (60ºF): 0.73-0.76
||NFPA Sp. Inst.: NA
|PEL-TWA ppm: NA
||REL-TWA ppm: NA
||AIHA Emergency Response Planning Guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
|PEL-TWA mg/m3: NA
||REL-TWA mg/m3: 350
|PEL-STEL ppm: NA
||REL-STEL ppm: NA
|PEL-STEL mg/m3: NA
||REL-STEL mg/m3: NA
|PEL-C ppm: NA
||REL-C ppm: NA
|PEL-C mg/m3: NA
||REL-C mg/m3: 1800
||Carcinogen Classifications: TLV-A3
|Skin Notation: No
||Skin Notation: No
||Notes: 15 MINUTE CEILING
||IDLH ppm: NA
||IDLH mg/m3: NA
||IDLH Notes: NA
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (Current through June 2006)
|VM & P Naphtha
|Synonyms & Trade Names: Ligroin, Painters naphtha, Petroleum ether, Petroleum spirit, Refined solvent naphtha, Varnish makers' & painters' naphtha
||DOT ID & Guide: 1268 128 (petroleum distillates, n.o.s.)
|NIOSH REL: TWA 350 mg/m3 C 1800 mg/m3 [15-minute]
||OSHA PEL : none
|Clear to yellowish liquid with a pleasant, aromatic odor.
|MW: 87-114 (approx)
|VP: 2-20 mmHg
|Class IB Flammable Liquid (See flammable and combustible liquid classes)
|Incompatibilities & Reactivities
|None reported [Note: VM&P Naphtha is a refined petroleum solvent predominantly C7-C11 which is typically 55% paraffins, 30% monocycloparaffins, 2% dicycloparaffins & 12% alklybenzenes.]
|NIOSH 1550; OSHA 48
|Personal Protection & Sanitation
|Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contam
Remove: When wet (flamm)
|Eye: Irr immed
Skin: Soap wash prompt
Breath: Resp support
Swallow: Medical attention immed
|NIOSH Respirator Recommendations
|NIOSH 3500 mg/m3: CCROV/SA 8750 mg/m3: SA:CF/PAPROV 17,500 mg/m3: CCRFOV/GMFOV/PAPRTOV/SCBAF/SAF : SCBAF:PD,PP/SAF:PD,PP:ASCBA Escape: GMFOV/SCBAE
(See symbols and codes)
|Inh Ing Con
|Irrit eyes, upper resp sys; derm; CNS depres; chemical pneu (aspir liquid)
|Eyes, skin, resp sys, CNS
DOT Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG 2004)
|Guide Number: 128
128 Flammable Liquids (Non-Polar/Water-Immiscible)
FIRE OR EXPLOSION
* HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
* Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air.
* Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back.
* Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and
collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks).
* Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
* Those substances designated with a P may polymerize explosively when
heated or involved in a fire.
* Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard.
* Containers may explode when heated.
* Many liquids are lighter than water.
* Substance may be transported hot.
* Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes.
* Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
* Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
* Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
* CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If
Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate
telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
* Isolate spill or leak area immediately for at least 25 to 50 meters
(80 to 160 feet) in all directions.
* Keep unauthorized personnel away.
* Stay upwind.
* Keep out of low areas.
* Ventilate closed spaces before entering.
* Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
* Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited
* Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 300 meters
* If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for
800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial
evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
CAUTION: All these products have a very low flash point: Use of water spray
when fighting fire may be inefficient.
* Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or regular foam.
* Water spray, fog or regular foam.
* Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams.
* Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads
* Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or
* Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after
fire is out.
* Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety
devices or discoloration of tank.
* ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
* For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this
is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
SPILL OR LEAK
* ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames
in immediate area).
* All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded.
* Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
* Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
* Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.
* A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
* Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material
and transfer to containers.
* Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.
* Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal.
* Water spray may reduce vapor; but may not prevent ignition in closed
* Move victim to fresh air.
* Call 911 or emergency medical service.
* Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
* Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
* Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
* In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with
running water for at least 20 minutes.
* Wash skin with soap and water.
* Keep victim warm and quiet.
* Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved,
and take precautions to protect themselves.
Additional Emergency Response Information (CAMEO Data)
|Non-fire Spill Response: Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors. ( AAR, 1999)
|Firefighting: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. ( AAR, 1999)
|Reactivity: This compound is incompatible with the following:None reported [Note: VM&P Naphtha is a refined petroleum solvent predominantly C7-C11 which is typically 55% paraffins, 30% monocycloparaffins, 2% dicycloparaffins & 12% alklybenzenes.] (NIOSH, 1997)
|First Aid: Eye: If this chemical contacts the eyes, immediately wash the eyes with large amounts of water, occasionally lifting the lower and upper lids. Get medical attention immediately. Contact lenses should not be worn when working with this chemical. Skin: If this chemical contacts the skin, promptly wash the contaminated skin with soap and water. If this chemical penetrates the clothing promptly remove the clothing and wash the skin with soap and water. Get medical attention promptly. Breathing: If a person breathes large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at once. If breathing has stopped, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Keep the affected person warm and at rest. Get medical attention as soon as possible. Swallow: If this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention immediately. (NIOSH, 1997)